All over the world, there are many different natural disasters that can occur and have been. However, we're currently at the high point of hurricanes, as two major ones have occurred in such a recent and short span of time.
So, we might as well take some time to learn a bit more about hurricanes and how we can survive them, in case of the chance we ever find ourselves in the path of one.
Here's the basics of a hurricane and how to prepare for one, from our friends at Be Survival.
Hurricanes (Typhoons or cyclones in other countries) are tropical cyclones that have winds above 73 mph.
Hurricanes also have categories which range wind speeds to determine how strong the hurricane force winds are. This is called the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale in the Atlantic basin.
A category 1 hurricane is less intense as a Category 5 which is the highest, with winds above 156 mph.
Th Atlantic Hurricane season starts June 1st and ends on November 30th. The Pacific season officially started on May 15 in the eastern Pacific & June 1 in the central Pacific. The season also ends on November 30th like the Atlantic.
It’s important to note that even though the hurricanes typically originate in this time frame, some form in other times of the year like Hurricane Alex in January 2016 in the Atlantic.
DIFFERENCES IN WATCH & WARNINGS
In order to keep you, your family and pets safe when a storm hits, you need to know the difference in a watch and warning.
A Hurricane Watch is when Hurricane conditions are possible to strike. A watch is usually issued about 3 days prior to the storm.
A hurricane warning is when condition are expected and likely to occur. This is usually issued within 24-28 hours prior to the storm making landfall.
HOW TO STAY SAFE
Bug Out Bags- Everyone in your home should have their own bug out bag. This will include a full set of clothes. (A lot of people still put their kids in their PJs when a storm is hitting at night but then often times if they have to leave they forget shoes so if you do, don’t forget to add a good comfortable pair of athletic shoes for them in their bag.)
Stock Up on Water and other supplies- This link will show you what items are first to be gone when a disaster strikes. Water, toilet paper, non perishable foods and bread are just a few of the items.
Board Up Windows- This will prevent them from blowing out due to the winds.
Park Cars Somewhere Safe & Easy To Get To- Do NOT park under trees or power lines.
Bring Outside Animals In- They are likely to be scared and need some shelter and love. Do not chain them up because if flooding occurs they will have no way to get away.
Bring In Any Loose Item Outside- Anything that would blow away easily needs to be brought inside. Chairs, lawn decorations, and play toys are some examples.
Know Where Shelters Are- Even if you plan to ride it out during the storm, you need to know where you could go if you had to. Always have a backup shelter in mind just in case your first choice is full or damaged.
Stay indoors- If you stay, stay indoors, even if the storm has seemed to pass. Sometimes things calm down in the eye of a hurricane and then quickly get worse again. Stay in a basement, hallway or a bathroom in the center of your home if possible. Stay away from windows.
Cell phone battery backup– Have a way to contact emergency officials if an emergency situation happens. You need a good battery backup that will keep your phone charged at least through the storm. Be sure to charge them all the way up to full before the storm hits. You may even want a couple at least.
Hand Crank Radio– With a hand crank radio you will be able to get information from local sources. You can find out valuable information such as where you can get extra help such as water, food and shelter after the storm has hit. You can also use it as a way to have a form of entertainment.
So, now you've got a good grasp on what a hurricane exactly is, and how to be alert to it. Additionally, you know how you can easily prep for one: just follow the ideas above! As long as you take the above advice, you'll have nothing to worry about if a hurricane rolls around.
For more information on hurricanes and other useful prepping info, please visit Be Survival.
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